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The state run railway system in the country of India, Indian Railways is the fourth largest railway system in the world. Furthermore, it is the largest employer in India, and the second largest employer in the world.
Indian Railways had its modest beginnings in the late 1800s when Britain began building railroads to connect India’s largest cities. In 1849, the railway system in India was non-existent, but by 1929, there were more than 41,000 miles of railroads serving every district in the country. When India gained its independence from Great Britain in 1947, the railway system was in shambles. The cause of this was underinvestment and a vast network of railroads that were difficult to maintain. In order to help improve the railways of India, the new Indian government consolidated the forty two different railway systems in the country into Indian Railways. From this point forward, better maintenance and modernization have made Indian Railways a crucial mode of transportation for Indians and commerce.
Indian Railways is an integral part of life to many citizens, as it provides train travel in India. Everyday 30 million citizens and 2.8 million tons of cargo travel via the Indian Railway system. The Indian Railways system has also become increasingly modern. Passengers can look online at the Indian Railways time table in order to know the exact time a train is expected for arrival and departure. If plans have changed, the Indian railways PNR status can be used to learn of updated details. Since millions of people a day ride the trains, the Indian railways seat availability information that can be obtained becomes very useful.
Today, Indian Railways consists of 17 different railway zones that connect every major populated district in India. When passengers travel via the railways, they have many classes of seating that they can choose from. These go from the more exclusive first class seats to the more economic unreserved seats. Tourists and citizens of India will also be able to travel to other countries via Indian Railways. In the near future, Indian Railways will be connected with neighboring countries to make travel run more smoothly between them. Currently, there are plans for connections between India and the countries of Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Vietnam, and China. As the railway expands, it will likely be an example to other developing nations as to how a modern transportation system should be conducted.